1. 2.5 Common DOM interfaces
      1. 2.5.1 Reflecting content attributes in IDL attributes
      2. 2.5.2 Collections
        1. 2.5.2.1 The HTMLAllCollection interface
        2. 2.5.2.2 The HTMLFormControlsCollection interface
        3. 2.5.2.3 The HTMLOptionsCollection interface
      3. 2.5.3 The DOMStringList interface

2.5 Common DOM interfaces

2.5.1 Reflecting content attributes in IDL attributes

Some IDL attributes are defined to reflect a particular content attribute. This means that on getting, the IDL attribute returns the current value of the content attribute, and on setting, the IDL attribute changes the value of the content attribute to the given value.

2.5.2 Collections

The HTMLFormControlsCollection and HTMLOptionsCollection interfaces are collections derived from the HTMLCollection interface. The HTMLAllCollection interface is a collection, but is not so derived.

2.5.2.1 The HTMLAllCollection interface

The HTMLAllCollection interface is used for the legacy document.all attribute. It operates similarly to HTMLCollection; the main differences are that it allows a staggering variety of different (ab)uses of its methods to all end up returning something, and that it can be called as a function as an alternative to property access.

All HTMLAllCollection objects are rooted at a Document and have a filter that matches all elements, so the elements represented by the collection of an HTMLAllCollection object consist of all the descendant elements of the root Document.

Objects that implement the HTMLAllCollection interface have several unusual behaviors, due of the fact that they have an [[IsHTMLDDA]] internal slot:

These special behaviors are motivated by a desire for compatibility with two classes of legacy content: one that uses the presence of document.all as a way to detect legacy user agents, and one that only supports those legacy user agents and uses the document.all object without testing for its presence first. [JAVASCRIPT]

collection . length

Returns the number of elements in the collection.

element = collection . item(index)
element = collection(index)
element = collection[index]

Returns the item with index index from the collection (determined by tree order).

element = collection . item(name)
collection = collection . item(name)
element = collection . namedItem(name)
collection = collection . namedItem(name)
element = collection(name)
collection = collection(name)
element = collection[name]
collection = collection[name]

Returns the item with ID or name name from the collection.

If there are multiple matching items, then an HTMLCollection object containing all those elements is returned.

Only button, form, iframe, input, map, meta, object, select, and textarea elements can have a name for the purpose of this method; their name is given by the value of their name attribute.

2.5.2.2 The HTMLFormControlsCollection interface

The HTMLFormControlsCollection interface is used for collections of listed elements in form elements.

collection . length

Returns the number of elements in the collection.

element = collection . item(index)
element = collection[index]

Returns the item with index index from the collection. The items are sorted in tree order.

element = collection . namedItem(name)
radioNodeList = collection . namedItem(name)
element = collection[name]
radioNodeList = collection[name]

Returns the item with ID or name name from the collection.

If there are multiple matching items, then a RadioNodeList object containing all those elements is returned.

radioNodeList . value [ = value ]

Returns the value of the first checked radio button represented by the object.

Can be set, to check the first radio button with the given value represented by the object.

2.5.2.3 The HTMLOptionsCollection interface

The HTMLOptionsCollection interface is used for collections of option elements. It is always rooted on a select element and has attributes and methods that manipulate that element's descendants.

collection . length [ = value ]

Returns the number of elements in the collection.

When set to a smaller number, truncates the number of option elements in the corresponding container.

When set to a greater number, adds new blank option elements to that container.

element = collection . item(index)
element = collection[index]

Returns the item with index index from the collection. The items are sorted in tree order.

collection[index] = element

When index is a greater number than the number of items in the collection, adds new blank option elements in the corresponding container.

When set to null, removes the item at index index from the collection.

When set to an option element, adds or replaces it at index index from the collection.

element = collection . namedItem(name)
element = collection[name]

Returns the item with ID or name name from the collection.

If there are multiple matching items, then the first is returned.

collection . add(element [, before ] )

Inserts element before the node given by before.

The before argument can be a number, in which case element is inserted before the item with that number, or an element from the collection, in which case element is inserted before that element.

If before is omitted, null, or a number out of range, then element will be added at the end of the list.

This method will throw a "HierarchyRequestError" DOMException if element is an ancestor of the element into which it is to be inserted.

collection . remove(index)

Removes the item with index index from the collection.

collection . selectedIndex [ = value ]

Returns the index of the first selected item, if any, or −1 if there is no selected item.

Can be set, to change the selection.

2.5.3 The DOMStringList interface

The DOMStringList interface is a non-fashionable retro way of representing a list of strings.

strings . length

Returns the number of strings in strings.

strings[index]
strings . item(index)

Returns the string with index index from strings.

strings . contains(string)

Returns true if strings contains string, and false otherwise.