1. References

References

All references are normative unless marked "Non-normative".

[ABNF]
Augmented BNF for Syntax Specifications: ABNF, D. Crocker, P. Overell. IETF.
[ABOUT]
The 'about' URI scheme, S. Moonesamy. IETF.
[APNG]
(Non-normative) APNG Specification. S. Parmenter, V. Vukicevic, A. Smith. Mozilla.
[ARIA]
Accessible Rich Internet Applications (WAI-ARIA), J. Diggs, J. Craig, S. McCarron, M. Cooper. W3C.
[ARIAHTML]
ARIA in HTML, S. Faulkner. W3C.
[ATAG]
(Non-normative) Authoring Tool Accessibility Guidelines (ATAG) 2.0, J. Richards, J. Spellman, J. Treviranus. W3C.
[ATOM]
(Non-normative) The Atom Syndication Format, M. Nottingham, R. Sayre. IETF.
[BATTERY]
(Non-normative) Battery Status API, A. Kostiainen, M. Lamouri. W3C.
[BCP47]
Tags for Identifying Languages; Matching of Language Tags, A. Phillips, M. Davis. IETF.
[BEZIER]
Courbes à poles, P. de Casteljau. INPI, 1959.
[BIDI]
UAX #9: Unicode Bidirectional Algorithm, M. Davis. Unicode Consortium.
[BOCU1]
(Non-normative) UTN #6: BOCU-1: MIME-Compatible Unicode Compression, M. Scherer, M. Davis. Unicode Consortium.
[CESU8]
(Non-normative) UTR #26: Compatibility Encoding Scheme For UTF-16: 8-BIT (CESU-8), T. Phipps. Unicode Consortium.
[CHARMOD]
(Non-normative) Character Model for the World Wide Web 1.0: Fundamentals, M. Dürst, F. Yergeau, R. Ishida, M. Wolf, T. Texin. W3C.
[CLDR]
Unicode Common Locale Data Repository. Unicode.
[COMPOSITE]
Compositing and Blending, R. Cabanier, N. Andronikos. W3C.
[COMPUTABLE]
(Non-normative) On computable numbers, with an application to the Entscheidungsproblem, A. Turing. In Proceedings of the London Mathematical Society, series 2, volume 42, pages 230-265. London Mathematical Society, 1937.
[COOKIES]
HTTP State Management Mechanism, A. Barth. IETF.
[CSP]
Content Security Policy, M. West, D. Veditz. W3C.
[CSS]
Cascading Style Sheets Level 2 Revision 2, B. Bos, T. Çelik, I. Hickson, H. Lie. W3C.
[CSSANIMATIONS]
CSS Animations, D. Jackson, D. Hyatt, C. Marrin, S. Galineau, L. Baron. W3C.
[CSSATTR]
CSS Style Attributes, T. Çelik, E. Etemad. W3C.
[CSSBG]
CSS Backgrounds and Borders , B. Bos, E. Etemad, B. Kemper. W3C.
[CSSCASCADE]
CSS Cascading and Inheritance Level 4, E. Etemad, T. Atkins. W3C.
[CSSCOLOR]
CSS Color Module Level 3, T. Çelik, C. Lilley, L. Baron. W3C.
[CSSDISPLAY]
CSS Display, T. Atkins, E. Etemad. W3C.
[CSSFONTLOAD]
CSS Font Loading, T. Atkins, J. Daggett. W3C.
[CSSFONTS]
CSS Fonts, J. Daggett. W3C.
[CSSGC]
CSS Generated Content, H. Lie, E. Etemad, I. Hickson. W3C.
[CSSIMAGES]
CSS Image Values and Replaced Content Module, E. Etemad, T. Atkins. W3C.
[CSSLISTS]
CSS Lists and Counters, T. Atkins. W3C.
[CSSLOGICAL]
CSS Logical Properties, R. Atanassov, E. Etemad. W3C.
[CSSOM]
Cascading Style Sheets Object Model (CSSOM), S. Pieters, G. Adams. W3C.
[CSSOMVIEW]
CSSOM View Module, S. Pieters, G. Adams. W3C.
[CSSOVERFLOW]
CSS Overflow, L. Baron, F. Rivoal. W3C.
[CSSPOSITION]
CSS Positioned Layout, R. Atanassov, A. Eicholz. W3C.
[CSSRUBY]
CSS3 Ruby Module, R. Ishida. W3C.
[CSSTRANSITIONS]
(Non-normative) CSS Transitions, D. Jackson, D. Hyatt, C. Marrin, L. Baron. W3C.
[CSSUI]
CSS3 Basic User Interface Module, T. Çelik. W3C.
[CSSSYNTAX]
CSS Syntax, T. Atkins, S. Sapin. W3C.
[CSSTABLE]
CSS Table, F. Remy, G. Whitworth. W3C.
[CSSTEXT]
CSS Text, E. Etemad, K. Ishii. W3C.
[CSSVALUES]
CSS3 Values and Units, H. Lie, T. Atkins, E. Etemad. W3C.
[CSSWM]
CSS Writing Modes, E. Etemad, K. Ishii. W3C.
[DASH]
Dynamic adaptive streaming over HTTP (DASH). ISO.
[DOM]
DOM, A. van Kesteren, A. Gregor, Ms2ger. WHATWG.
[UIEVENTS]
UI Events Specification, G. Kacmarcik, T. Leithead. W3C.
[DOMPARSING]
DOM Parsing and Serialization, T. Leithead. W3C.
[DOT]
(Non-normative) The DOT Language. Graphviz.
[E163]
Recommendation E.163 — Numbering Plan for The International Telephone Service, CCITT Blue Book, Fascicle II.2, pp. 128-134, November 1988.
[ENCODING]
Encoding, A. van Kesteren, J. Bell. WHATWG.
[EXECCOMMAND]
execCommand, J. Wilm, A. Gregor. W3C Editing APIs CG.
[EXIF]
(Non-normative) Exchangeable image file format. JEITA.
[FETCH]
Fetch, A. van Kesteren. WHATWG.
[FILEAPI]
File API, A. Ranganathan. W3C.
[FILTERS]
Filter Effects, D. Jackson, E. Dahlström, D. Schulze. W3C.
[FULLSCREEN]
Fullscreen, A. van Kesteren, T. Çelik. WHATWG.
[GEOMETRY]
Geometry Interfaces Module. S. Pieters, D. Schulze, R. Cabanier. W3C.
[GIF]
(Non-normative) Graphics Interchange Format. CompuServe.
[GRAPHICS]
(Non-normative) Computer Graphics: Principles and Practice in C, Second Edition, J. Foley, A. van Dam, S. Feiner, J. Hughes. Addison-Wesley. ISBN 0-201-84840-6.
[GREGORIAN]
(Non-normative) Inter Gravissimas, A. Lilius, C. Clavius. Gregory XIII Papal Bull, February 1582.
[HRT]
High Resolution Time, I. Grigorik, J. Simonsen, J. Mann. W3C.
[HTMLAAM]
HTML Accessibility API Mappings 1.0, S. Faulkner, J. Kiss, A. Surkov. W3C.
[HTTP]
Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP/1.1): Message Syntax and Routing, R. Fielding, J. Reschke. IETF.
Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP/1.1): Semantics and Content, R. Fielding, J. Reschke. IETF.
Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP/1.1): Conditional Requests, R. Fielding, J. Reschke. IETF.
Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP/1.1): Range Requests, R. Fielding, Y. Lafon, J. Reschke. IETF.
Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP/1.1): Caching, R. Fielding, M. Nottingham, J. Reschke. IETF.
Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP/1.1): Authentication, R. Fielding, J. Reschke. IETF.
[IANAPERMHEADERS]
Permanent Message Header Field Names. IANA.
[INBAND]
Sourcing In-band Media Resource Tracks from Media Containers into HTML, S. Pfeiffer, B. Lund. W3C.
[INTERSECTIONOBSERVER]
Intersection Observer, M. Blain. WICG.
[ISO3166]
ISO 3166: Codes for the representation of names of countries and their subdivisions. ISO.
[ISO4217]
ISO 4217: Codes for the representation of currencies and funds. ISO.
[ISO8601]
(Non-normative) ISO8601: Data elements and interchange formats — Information interchange — Representation of dates and times. ISO.
[JAVASCRIPT]
ECMAScript Language Specification. Ecma International.
[JLREQ]
Requirements for Japanese Text Layout. W3C.
[JPEG]
JPEG File Interchange Format, E. Hamilton.
[JSON]
The JavaScript Object Notation (JSON) Data Interchange Format, T. Bray. IETF.
[MAILTO]
(Non-normative) The 'mailto' URI scheme, M. Duerst, L. Masinter, J. Zawinski. IETF.
[MATHML]
Mathematical Markup Language (MathML), D. Carlisle, P. Ion, R. Miner. W3C.
[MEDIAFRAG]
Media Fragments URI, R. Troncy, E. Mannens, S. Pfeiffer, D. Van Deursen. W3C.
[MEDIASOURCE]
Media Source Extensions, A. Colwell, A. Bateman, M. Watson. W3C.
[MEDIASTREAM]
Media Capture and Streams, D. Burnett, A. Bergkvist, C. Jennings, A. Narayanan. W3C.
[MFREL]
Microformats Wiki: existing rel values. Microformats.
[MIMESNIFF]
MIME Sniffing, G. Hemsley. WHATWG.
[MIX]
Mixed Content, M. West. W3C.
[MNG]
MNG (Multiple-image Network Graphics) Format. G. Randers-Pehrson.
[MPEG2]
ISO/IEC 13818-1: Information technology — Generic coding of moving pictures and associated audio information: Systems. ISO/IEC.
[MPEG4]
ISO/IEC 14496-12: ISO base media file format. ISO/IEC.
[MQ]
Media Queries, H. Lie, T. Çelik, D. Glazman, A. van Kesteren. W3C.
[NPAPI]
(Non-normative) Gecko Plugin API Reference. Mozilla.
[OGGSKELETONHEADERS]
SkeletonHeaders. Xiph.Org.
[OPENSEARCH]
Autodiscovery in HTML/XHTML. In OpenSearch 1.1 Draft 4, Section 4.6.2. OpenSearch.org.
[ORIGIN]
(Non-normative) The Web Origin Concept, A. Barth. IETF.
[PAGEVIS]
(Non-normative) Page Visibility, J. Mann, A. Jain. W3C.
[PDF]
(Non-normative) Document management — Portable document format — Part 1: PDF. ISO.
[PINGBACK]
Pingback 1.0, S. Langridge, I. Hickson.
[PNG]
Portable Network Graphics (PNG) Specification, D. Duce. W3C.
[POINTERLOCK]
Pointer Lock, V. Scheib. W3C.
[PPUTF8]
(Non-normative) The Properties and Promises of UTF-8, M. Dürst. University of Zürich. In Proceedings of the 11th International Unicode Conference.
[PRELOAD]
Preload, I. Grigorik. W3C.
[PRESENTATION]
Presentation API, M. Foltz, D. Röttsches. W3C.
[PSL]
Public Suffix List. Mozilla Foundation.
[REFERRERPOLICY]
Referrer Policy, J. Eisinger, E. Stark. W3C.
[RESOURCEHINTS]
Resource Hints, I. Grigorik. W3C.
[RFC1034]
Domain Names - Concepts and Facilities, P. Mockapetris. IETF, November 1987.
[RFC1123]
Requirements for Internet Hosts -- Application and Support, R. Braden. IETF, October 1989.
[RFC2046]
Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions (MIME) Part Two: Media Types, N. Freed, N. Borenstein. IETF.
[RFC2119]
Key words for use in RFCs to Indicate Requirement Levels, S. Bradner. IETF.
[RFC3447]
Public-Key Cryptography Standards (PKCS) #1: RSA Cryptography Specifications, J. Jonsson, B. Kaliski. IETF.
[RFC2318]
The text/css Media Type, H. Lie, B. Bos, C. Lilley. IETF.
[RFC2397]
The "data" URL scheme, L. Masinter. IETF.
[RFC5545]
Internet Calendaring and Scheduling Core Object Specification (iCalendar), B. Desruisseaux. IETF.
[RFC2483]
URI Resolution Services Necessary for URN Resolution, M. Mealling, R. Daniel. IETF.
[RFC3279]
Algorithms and Identifiers for the Internet X.509 Public Key Infrastructure Certificate and Certificate Revocation List (CRL) Profile, W. Polk, R. Housley, L. Bassham. IETF.
[RFC3676]
The Text/Plain Format and DelSp Parameters, R. Gellens. IETF.
[RFC3864]
Registration Procedures for Message Header Fields, G. Klyne, M. Nottingham, J. Mogul. IETF.
[RFC4329]
(Non-normative) Scripting Media Types, B. Höhrmann. IETF.
[RFC4337]
(Non-normative) MIME Type Registration for MPEG-4, Y. Lim, D. Singer. IETF.
[RFC7595]
Guidelines and Registration Procedures for URI Schemes, D. Thaler, T. Hansen, T. Hardie. IETF.
[RFC4648]
The Base16, Base32, and Base64 Data Encodings, S. Josefsson. IETF.
[RFC5280]
Internet X.509 Public Key Infrastructure Certificate and Certificate Revocation List (CRL) Profile, D. Cooper, S. Santesson, S. Farrell, S. Boeyen, R. Housley, W. Polk. IETF.
[RFC5322]
Internet Message Format, P. Resnick. IETF.
[RFC6381]
The 'Codecs' and 'Profiles' Parameters for "Bucket" Media Types, R. Gellens, D. Singer, P. Frojdh. IETF.
[RFC6266]
Use of the Content-Disposition Header Field in the Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP), J. Reschke. IETF.
[RFC6350]
vCard Format Specification, S. Perreault. IETF.
[RFC7303]
XML Media Types, H. Thompson, C. Lilley. IETF.
[RFC7578]
Returning Values from Forms: multipart/form-data, L. Masinter. IETF.
[SCREENORIENTATION]
Screen Orientation API, M. Lamouri, M. Cáceres. W3C.
[SCSU]
(Non-normative) UTR #6: A Standard Compression Scheme For Unicode, M. Wolf, K. Whistler, C. Wicksteed, M. Davis, A. Freytag, M. Scherer. Unicode Consortium.
[SELECTION]
Selection API, R. Niwa. W3C.
[SELECTORS]
Selectors, E. Etemad, T. Çelik, D. Glazman, I. Hickson, P. Linss, J. Williams. W3C.
[SMS]
(Non-normative) URI Scheme for Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM) Short Message Service (SMS), E. Wilde, A. Vaha-Sipila. IETF.
[SRGB]
IEC 61966-2-1: Multimedia systems and equipment — Colour measurement and management — Part 2-1: Colour management — Default RGB colour space — sRGB. IEC.
[SVG]
Scalable Vector Graphics (SVG) 1.1 (Second Edition), E. Dahlström, P. Dengler, A. Grasso, C. Lilley, C. McCormack, D. Schepers, J. Watt, J. Ferraiolo, J. Fujisawa, D. Jackson. W3C.
[SVGTINY12]
Scalable Vector Graphics (SVG) Tiny 1.2, O. Andersson, R. Berjon, E. Dahlström, A. Emmons, J. Ferraiolo, A. Grasso, V. Hardy, S. Hayman, D. Jackson, C. Lilley, C. McCormack, A. Neumann, C. Northway, A. Quint, N. Ramani, D. Schepers, A. Shellshear. W3C.
[SVG2]
(Non-normative) Scalable Vector Graphics (SVG) 2, N. Andronikos, R. Atanassov, T. Bah, A. Bellamy-Royds, B. Birtles, B. Brinza, C. Concolato, E. Dahlström, C. Lilley, C. McCormack, D. Schepers, D. Schulze, R. Schwerdtfeger, S. Takagi, J. Watt. W3C.
[SW]
Service Workers, A. Russell, J. Song, J. Archibald. W3C.
[TOR]
(Non-normative) Tor.
[TOUCH]
Touch Events, D. Schepers, S. Moon, M. Brubeck, A. Barstow, R. Byers. W3C.
[TZDATABASE]
(Non-normative) Time Zone Database. IANA.
[UAAG]
(Non-normative) User Agent Accessibility Guidelines (UAAG) 2.0, J. Allan, K. Ford, J. Richards, J. Spellman. W3C.
[UNICODE]
The Unicode Standard. Unicode Consortium.
[UNIVCHARDET]
(Non-normative) A composite approach to language/encoding detection, S. Li, K. Momoi. Netscape. In Proceedings of the 19th International Unicode Conference.
[URL]
URL, A. van Kesteren. WHATWG.
[URN]
URN Syntax, R. Moats. IETF.
[UTF7]
(Non-normative) UTF-7: A Mail-Safe Transformation Format of Unicode, D. Goldsmith, M. Davis. IETF.
[UTF8DET]
(Non-normative) Multilingual form encoding, M. Dürst. W3C.
[UTR36]
(Non-normative) UTR #36: Unicode Security Considerations, M. Davis, M. Suignard. Unicode Consortium.
[WCAG]
(Non-normative) Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) 2.0, B. Caldwell, M. Cooper, L. Reid, G. Vanderheiden. W3C.
[WEBGL]
WebGL Specification, D. Jackson. Khronos Group.
[WEBIDL]
Web IDL, C. McCormack. W3C.
Web Linking, M. Nottingham. IETF.
[WEBMCG]
WebM Container Guidelines. The WebM Project.
[WEBVTT]
WebVTT, S. Pieters. W3C.
[WHATWGWIKI]
The WHATWG Wiki. WHATWG.
[WSP]
The WebSocket protocol, I. Fette, A. Melnikov. IETF.
[X121]
Recommendation X.121 — International Numbering Plan for Public Data Networks, CCITT Blue Book, Fascicle VIII.3, pp. 317-332.
[X690]
Recommendation X.690 — Information Technology — ASN.1 Encoding Rules — Specification of Basic Encoding Rules (BER), Canonical Encoding Rules (CER), and Distinguished Encoding Rules (DER). International Telecommunication Union.
[XFN]
XFN 1.1 profile, T. Çelik, M. Mullenweg, E. Meyer. GMPG.
[XHR]
XMLHttpRequest, A. van Kesteren. WHATWG.
[XKCD1288]
(Non-normative) Substitutions, Randall Munroe. xkcd.
[XML]
Extensible Markup Language, T. Bray, J. Paoli, C. Sperberg-McQueen, E. Maler, F. Yergeau. W3C.
[XMLENTITY]
(Non-normative) XML Entity Definitions for Characters, D. Carlisle, P. Ion. W3C.
[XMLNS]
Namespaces in XML, T. Bray, D. Hollander, A. Layman, R. Tobin. W3C.
[XMLSSPI]
Associating Style Sheets with XML documents, J. Clark, S. Pieters, H. Thompson. W3C.
[XPATH10]
XML Path Language (XPath) Version 1.0, J. Clark, S. DeRose. W3C.
[XSLT10]
(Non-normative) XSL Transformations (XSLT) Version 1.0, J. Clark. W3C.
[XSLTP]
(Non-normative) DOM XSLTProcessor, WHATWG Wiki. WHATWG.